Amino Acids Content Comparison with Different Processing Methods (Cook, Raw and Fermented) and Inclusion Levels of Delonix regia in Formulated Fish Diets

Main Article Content

Bosede Oyegbile
Okeke Rufina Obioma
Yunusa Abubakar
Idris Abdullahi
Stanley David Oziegbe

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of different processing methods of Delonix regia seeds on amino acids composition of experimental diets. Ten isonitrogenous diets (40% crude protein) were formulated with cooked, raw and fermented Delonix regia seeds at 0% (Control), 10%, 20% and 30% inclusion levels respectively. Data were analysed using Analysis of Variance, significant differences in means were separated using Duncan Multiple Range Test. All the essential amino acids (lysine, arginine, threonine, valine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine and phenylalanine) differs significantly among the treatments except histidine which was statistically similar (P > 0.05) across the dietary treatments. The activity of essential and non- essential amino acid concentration was higher in cooked than the fermented and raw Delonix regia seeds. It was concluded that cooked Delonix regia seeds at 10% inclusion levels had the highest activities of essential and non-essential amino acids and could be used to supplement conventional feedstuff for livestock especially in fish nutrition and bioenergetics.

Keywords:
Amino acids, Delonix regia, fermentation, cooking, bioenergetics.

Article Details

How to Cite
Oyegbile, B., Obioma, O. R., Abubakar, Y., Abdullahi, I., & Oziegbe, S. D. (2019). Amino Acids Content Comparison with Different Processing Methods (Cook, Raw and Fermented) and Inclusion Levels of Delonix regia in Formulated Fish Diets. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 4(4), 1-8. Retrieved from http://journalajfar.com/index.php/AJFAR/article/view/30059
Section
Original Research Article

References

Balogun TF, Kaankuka FG, Bawa GS. Effect of period of boiling full fat soybeans on its amino acid profile and on performance on pigs. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 2001;28:45–51.

Benitez LV. Amino acid and falty acid profile in aquaculture nutrition studies. 23 – 35, In: SS De Silva (ed). Fish Nutrition Research in Asia. Proceedings of the third Asian Fish Nutrition Network Meeting. Asian Fisheries Society Special Publication. Asian Fishery Society, Manila Philippines. 1889;4(1):166-169.

Deng J, Zhang X, Bi B, Kong L, Kang B. Dietary protein requirement of juvenile asian red-tailed catfish Hemibagrus wyskioides, Animal feed Sci.and Tech. 2011;170:231-238.

Fagbenro O. Short communication apparent digestibility of various oil seed cakes/meals in African catfish diets, Aquaculture Int. 1988;6:317-322.

Findley JW, Ludin RE. Lipid hydro- peroxide induced oxidation of cysteine in protein. Journal of Science. 1980;33:165– 172.

Iyayi EA, Taiwo VO. The effects of diets incorporating Mucuna (M. pruriens) seed meal on the performance of laying hens and broilers. Tropical Subtropical Agro Ecosystem. 2003;1:239–246.

Liener EI. Toxic factors in edible legumes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1980;2:281-284.

NRC. Nutrients requirements of fish. National Academy Press, Washington DC. 1993;3-6.

Pandey G. Feed formulation and feeding technology for fishes, Int. Res. J. Pharm. 2013;4(3):23-29.

Tiamiyu LO, Ataguba GA, Jimoh JO. Growth performance of Clarias gariepinus fed different levels of agama agama meal diets, Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2013; 12(5):510-515.

Udensi EA, Okoronkwo KA. Effects of fermentation and germination on the Physico-chemical properties of Mucuna cochinchnensis protein isolates. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2006;5(10):896– 900.

Oyegbile B, Abdullahi BA. The effects of processed delonix regia seed inclusion in the diet of heterobranchus bidorsalis (Geoffroy st hillaire 1809) fish on growth and nutrient utilization. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture. 2017;9(7):81-85.