Spatial Distribution of Plankton in Cikeruh River, Jatinangor District, West Java Province, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Fillia Utami
Zahidah Hasan
Achmad Rizal
Heti Herawati

Abstract

Cikeruh River is a Citarum tributary that has received a lot of waste inputs, so that will affect the quality of river water and cause differences in aquatic fertility. Aquatic fertility can be determined by calculating plankton abundance and distribution. The purpose of this study was to map the spatial distribution of plankton along the Cikeruh River. The study was conducted in June 2019 to August 2019  at five stations with the purposive sampling method. The parameters observed were physical and chemical parameters of waters, plankton abundance, diversity index, dominance index, species deficit, and Morisita index. The results showed that plankton was identified as many as 33 phytoplankton genera and six zooplankton genera, the spatial distribution of plankton in the Cikeruh River was different at each station, at station 1 consisted of 14 phytoplankton genera, station 2 27 phytoplankton genera, station 3  24 phytoplankton genera, station 4 25 phytoplankton genera, and at station 5 was  found 22 phytoplankton  genera. The abundance of plankton obtained ranges from 1823-5972 ind/L. Phytoplankton diversity index obtained from ranges 0.71-0.84, while the zooplankton ranges 0.17-0.32 with  phytoplankton dominance index 0.16-0.35 and zooplankton 0.68-0.83. Phytoplankton morisita index obtained from ranges 1.37-2.17, while the zooplankton ranges 1.03-2.31. Physical-chemical parameters observed as follows: Temperature 18.58ºC – 27.77ºC, light transparency 16,68 cm -31.92 cm, current 0.17 m/s -0.35 m/s, DO 3.35-8.05 mg/L, CO2 8.36 -37.05 mg/L, pH 7.53 – 8.66, BOD5 10.83 - 25.42 mg/L, Nitrate 0.18-0.26 mg/L,  phosphate 0.18-0.26. The physical and chemical parameters qualify for Indonesian  Government  Regulation  No. 82  of  2001  class II and III.

Keywords:
Cikeruh, distribution, plankton, phytoplankton, zooplankton.

Article Details

How to Cite
Utami, F., Hasan, Z., Rizal, A., & Herawati, H. (2020). Spatial Distribution of Plankton in Cikeruh River, Jatinangor District, West Java Province, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 5(2), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2019/v5i230072
Section
Original Research Article

References

Imansyah MF. General Study of das citarum problems and solutions and government policy analysis. Journal of Sociotechnology. 2012;25(11):18-33.

Kurniadie D, Putri V, dan U Umiyati. The relationship between polluted water quality and diversity of water weeds in the cikeuh and cikapundung watersheds of west java province. Cultivation Journal. 2016;15(3): 194-201.

Apridayanti E. Evaluation of environmental management of the lahor reservoir waters of malang regency, east java. thesis. Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang; 2008.

Ajibare AO, Ayeku PO, Adewale AH. Plankton composition in relation to water quality in the coastal waters of nigeria. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research. 2019;5(2):1-9.

Astirin OP, Setyawan AD, Harini M. Plankton diversity as an indicator of river quality in the city of Surakarta. Journal of Biodiversity. 2002;3(2):236-241.

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia. Government Regulation No. 82 of 2001 on Water Quality Management and Water Pollution Control. Jakarta; 2001.

Sahidin A, Nurruhwati I, Riyantini I, Triandi M. Structure plankton communities in Cijulang River Pangandaran District, West Java Province, Indonesia. World News of Natural Sciences an International Scientific Journal. 2019;23(2019):128-141.

Odum EP. Fundamentals of ecology. Tjahjono samingan translation. Third Edition. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta; 1993.

Wafa MFN, hasan Z, Gumilar I, Sahidin A. plankton community structure and its relationship with minerals profiles in Minapadi Area, Talagasari Village, Kadungora Garut Regency Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research. 2019; 4(2):1-13.

Wijayanti H. Aquatic quality in Bandar Lampung city beach based on animal community makrobenthos. Thesis. Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang; 2007.

Husin A. Tofu industry liquid waste management uses moringa oleiferaseeds as coagulant. Young Lecturer Research Report. USU's Faculty of Engineering. Medan; 2003.

Yuliana. Distribution and structure of phytoplankton communities in jailolo waters, West Halmahera. Journal of Aquatics. 2015;6(1):41-48.

Barus TA. Introduction to Limnology. Department of Biology. Faculty of Math and Science. University of Northern Sumatra; 2002.

Wetzel RG. dan Likens. Limnological Analyses. London: W.B.Saunders; 1979.

Sachlan M. Planktonology. Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Fisheries. Diponegoro University. Semarang; 1982.

Nari PA. Arcella. Scientific papers. Malang: Pharmacy Academy of the Putera Indonesia Malang Education Foundation; 2007.

Ayuningsih MS, Hendrarto IB, Purnomo PW. Distribution of phytoplankton and chlorophyll-a abundance in Sekumbu Bay in Jepara Regency: Relationship with Nitrate and Phosphate Content in Water. Diponegoro Journal of Maquares. 2014; 3(2):138-147.

Sepriani, Abdijulu J, Kolengan HSJ. The effect of Tofu industry liquid waste on Paal 4 River Water Quality in Tikala District, Manado City. Journal of Chemistry. 2016; 9(1):35-39.