The Relationship of Megazoobenthos Association with Seagrass Ecosystem Conditions in Ujung Genteng Waters, Sukabumi

Main Article Content

Gilang Primanagita Rachman
Indah Riyantini
Zahidah Hasan
Herman Hamdani


Seagrass beds in Ujung Genteng waters are one of the shallow marine ecosystems that have relatively high biodiversity. Seagrass ecosystem as one of the coastal ecosystems in these waters has a diversity of marine life that is associated with it. The purpose of this study was to establish the association pattern and the correlation of mega zoobenthos to seagrass ecosystem conditions. The method used was a survey method by conducting a survey direct observation of the stations that have been determined.  Three seagrass species were identified, namely: Thallasia hemprichii, Cymodoceae rotundata and Enhalus acoroides. The highest density of seagrass was found in station 2 with the type of seagrass Thallasia hemprichii as much as 207 ind/m2. Fifteen mega zoobenthos species were identified representing 3 phyla. Species Mega zoobenthos which is most commonly found in Ujung Genteng waters is Ophiothrix fragilis, Ophiocoma erinaceus, and Diadema setosum. The mega zoobenthos Diversity Index at the observation station is included in the medium category that is 2.33-2.66 and the evenness index is 0.63-0.84. Correlation of seagrass density with mega zoobenthos obtained by 0.92 shows that there is a very strong relationship between seagrass density with mega zoobenthos. The result shows that there are 4 patterns of close association and 2 patterns of very close association. Ophiocoma erinaceus of the ophiuroidea class has a pattern of very close positive associations with seagrass Cymodoceae rotundata and Dendrodoris sp of the order nudibranchia has a pattern of very close negative associations with seagrass Cymodoceae rotundata.

Cymodoceae rotundata, Ophiocoma erinaceus, diversity index, association, correlation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rachman, G. P., Riyantini, I., Hasan, Z., & Hamdani, H. (2020). The Relationship of Megazoobenthos Association with Seagrass Ecosystem Conditions in Ujung Genteng Waters, Sukabumi. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 5(4), 1-10.
Original Research Article


Badan Pengendalian Lingkungan Hidup Daerah Provinsi Jawa Barat. Laut Dan Pesisir. Status Lingkungan Hidup. Bandung; 2008.

Arifin, Jamaluddin J. Study of Condition and potential of the seagrass ecosystem as a marine Biota Care Area. Indonesian Journal of Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries. 2005;12(2):73-79.

Riniatsih I, Munasik. The Diversity of Megabentos Associating in the Padang Seagrass Ecosystem Wailiti Waters, Maumere Sikka District, East Nusa Tenggara. Tropical Marine Journal. 2017; 20(2):55–59.

Meyer KS, Bergmann M, Soltwede Tl. Interannual variation in the epibenthic megafauna at the shallowest station of the HAUSGARTEN observatory (790N, 60E). Germany; 2013.

Brower JE, Zar JH. Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology. WM Brown Company Publ. Dubuque Lowa; 1989.

Odum PE. Fundamentals of Ecology. Yogyakarta; Gajah Mada University Press; 1993.

Keputusan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup No: 51 Tahun Tentang Baku Mutu Air Laut. Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup; 2004.

Yusuf M, Koniyo Y, Panigoro C. Seagrass diversity in waters Around Dudepo Island, Anggrek District, North Gorontalo Regency. Scientific Journal of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs. 2013;1(1):18-25.

Effendi H. Water Quality Study for Water Resources and management Environmental. Kanisius. Yogyakarta; 2003.

Setyawan WB, Aditya P. Comparison of Ocean and South Coastal Oceanographic Characteristics of Java Island: Tides, Currents, and Waves. Proceedings of the III National Ocean and Fisheries Seminar. Trunojoyo University Madura; 2017.

Nabilla S, Hartati R, Nuraini RAT. Nutrient Relationship to Sediment and Seagrass Closure in Jepara Waters. Tropical Marine Journal. 2019;22(1):42-48.

Hutomo M, Nonjti A. Padang Seagrass Monitoring Guide. COREMAP LIPI: Jakarta; 2014.

Minarni Jahidin, Darlian L. Abundance of Gastropods in Seagrass Habitat in the Waters of Tongali Village, Siompu District. Ampibi Journal. 2016;1(2):17-21.

Zaid MA. Correlation And Regression Analysis. Seisric. Turkey; 2015.

Azkab MH. The Role of Seagrass for Animal Associations. Oceana Journal. 2014;39(2):49-54.

Dissanayake DCT, Stefansson G. Habitat preferences of sea cucumbers: Holothuria atra and Holothuria edulis in the coastal waters of Sri Lanka. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 2012;92(3):581- 590.

Aswandy I. Crustaceans as Consumers in Seagrasses. Oceana Journal. 2008;33(1): 1-9.

Allifah AN, Rosmawati T. Relationship between Seagrass Density and Bivalvia Density on the Coast of Ori Coast, District of Haruku Island. Journal of Biology Science & Education. 2018;70(1): 81-96.