Main Article Content
Water quality is the key of environmental concern because of its important provision of water for drinking and domestic purpose, irrigation and aquatic life including fish and fisheries. The present study was conducted to assess the surface water quality of the Shitalakhya River from January, 2017 to December, 2018. Temperature, pH, EC, TDS, TSS, BOD5, Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Calcium Hardness, Magnesium Hardness, Chloride, Dissolved Silica, Total Iron concentration and Turbidity in water samples have been found in the ranges 24 - 33°C, 6.5 - 7.6, 108 - 478 µS/cm, 54 - 245 ppm, 8 - 118 mg/l, 6 - 12 mg/l, 36.6 - 231.8 mg/l, 30 - 190 mg/l, 20 - 120 mg/l, 10 - 80 mg/l, 3.54 - 9.91 mg/l, 16 - 51 mg/l, 0.10 - 1.5 mg/l, 2.09 - 120 NTU in the year 2017 and 21 - 32.5°C, 6.7 - 7.3, 101 - 424 µS/cm, 55 - 212 ppm, 10 - 154 mg/l, 7 - 16 mg/l, 42.7 - 219.6 mg/l, 35 - 180 mg/l, 25 - 115 mg/l, 10 - 70 mg/l, 4.96 - 16.99 mg/l, 19 - 84 mg/l, 0.10 - 2.50 mg/l, 2.73 - 214 NTU in the year 2018 respectively. Obtained results of the present study area shows that most of the parameters were within the permissible limit except Turbidity, Total Suspended Solid (TSS), Dissolved Silica (SiO2) and Biological Oxygen Demand for five days (BOD5). Use of river water can pose serious problems to human health and aquatic ecosystem via biological food chain. The present research suggests special preference for better management of the river water to protect the health of aquatic ecosystem of the river.
Rafiqul Islam M1, Das NG, Prabal Barua M, Belal Hossain S, Venkatramanan SY, Chung. Environmental assessment of water and soil contamination in Rajakhali Canal of Karnaphuli River (Bangladesh) impacted by anthropogenic influences: A preliminary case study. Appl Water Sci. 2017;7:997–1010.
DoE. Water quality data of rivers Buriganga, Meghna, Balu, Shitalakhya, Jamuna (1991-2000), Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of the Peoples of Bangladesh; 1997.
DoE. River Water Quality Report 2014, Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of the Peoples of Bangladesh; 2014.
Manjare SA, Vhanalakar SA, Muley DV. Analysis of water quality using physico-chemical parameters Tamdalge tank in Kolhapur district, Maharastra. Inter. J Advan. Biotec Res.2010;1:115-119.
Rasul MG, Faisal I, Khan MMK. Environmental pollution generated from process industries in Bangladesh. Int. J. Environment and Pollution. 2006;28(1/2).
World Bank, Annual Report, USA; 1997.
May AM, Mutasem E, Mark DS, John NL. Factor influencing development of management strategies for the Abou Ali River in lebanon. Sci Total Environment. 2006;362:15-30.
Noori R, Sabahi MS, Karbassi AR. Baghvand A, Taati Zadeh H. Multivariate statistical analysis of surface water quality based on correlation and variations in the data set. Desalination; 2010.
Oung Y, Nkedi-kizza P, Wu QT, Shinde D, Huang CH. Assessment of seasonal variations in surface water quality. Water Res. 2006;40:3800-3810.
Joshi DM, Kumar A, Agrawal N. Studies on physicochemical parameters to assess the water quality of River Ganga for drinking purpose in Haridwar District, Rasayan J Chem. 2009;2:195-203.
DoE. Environment quality standard for Bangladesh, Ministry of Environment and Foresty, Government of Bangladesh; 1993.
Hossain A. Evaluation of surface water quality: A case study on surma river, B.Sc. Engineering Thesis, Civil and Environ-mental Engineering Department, Shahjalal University, Bangladesh; 2001.
Majumdar RC. History of Ancient Bengal. Reprint 2005, Tulshi Prakashani, Kolkata. 1971;3-4.
Pia HI, Akhter M, Sarker S, Hassan M, Rayhan ABMS. Contamination level (Water Quality) assessment and agroecological risk management of Shitalakshya River of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hydrol Current Res. 2018;9:292.
APHA (American Public Health Association), Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. 21st Ed American Public Health Association (APHA). Washington DC: USA Port City Press; 2005.
BIWTA. Development Project Proposal (DPP) for construction of infrastructure facilities on evicted foreshore land under Dhaka, Narayanganj and Tongi river port area. Ministry of Shipping, Government of the people’s republic of Bangladesh; 2011.
ASTM D1126-17. Standard test method for hardness in water, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2017.
ASTM D511-14. Standard test methods for calcium and magnesium in water, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2014.
ASTM D1067-16. Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2016.
ASTM D512-12. Standard test methods for chloride Ion In water, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2012.
Kabir KMH. Impact of textile effluent on water quality of the Shitalakhya River and suggested a mathematical model for assessment of environment damages, Ph.D Thesis. 2011;35.
Azam K, Rouf MA, Khanom MNA, Shariar M. Water quality of the Sunderban-seasonal and tidal variation in four river system, FMRT Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh. 2002;27.
Islam MH, Rahman MM, Ashraf FU. Assessment of water quality and impact of effluents from fertilizer factories to the Shitalakhya River’. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering. 2010;2(8):208-221.
ECR (Environmental Conservation Rules). Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Ministry of Environment and Forest, Department of Environment, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 1997;212-214.
ADB (Asian Development Bank). Training manual for environmental monitoring. Engineering Science Incorporation, USA. 1994;2-26.
DoE. River water quality report, Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of the peoples of Bangladesh; 2013.
DoE. River water quality Report 2015, Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of the peoples of Bangladesh; 2015.
DoE. Surface and ground water quality report 2016, Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of the peoples of Bangladesh; 2016.
Arora NK, Sakshi Tewari S, Sachin Singh, Analysis of water quality parameters of River Ganga during Maha Kumbha, Haridwar, India, Journal of Environmental Biology. 2013;34:799-803.
Irin A, Islam MS, Kabir MH, Hoq ME. Heavy metal contamination in water and fishes from the Shitalakhya River at Narayanganj, Bangladesh, Bangladesh J. Zool. 2016;44(2):267-273.
BCAS. Pollution study, Management of Aquatic Ecosystem through Community Husbandry (MACH), Dhaka, Bangladesh; 2000.
Uddin MN, Alam MS, Mobin MN, Miah MA. An assessment of the river water quality parameters: A case of Jamuna River, J. Environ. Sci. & Natural Resources. 2014; 7(1):249–256.
WHO Geneva. Guidelines for drinking water quality (electronic resource). 3rd Edn. Incorporating 1st and 2nd agenda, Recommendation. 2008;1:53.
WHO. Guidelines for drinking water quality. 2nd Edn. Recommendation. World Health Organization, Geneva. 1998;1:30-113.
Mowka E. Understanding factors that affect pH & guide to alkalinity and pH control. Sea scope. Aquarium Systems. 1998;5.
Derry LA, Kurtz C, Ziegler K, Chadwick OA, Kelley EF.Plant phytolith source of dissolved silica in Hawaiian streams from Ge/Si ratios; 2001.
Kennedy VC. Silica variation in stream water with time and discharge, Adv. Chem. Ser. 1971;106:93-130.
Bien GSN, Contois DE, Thomas WH. The removal of soluble silica from fresh water entering the sea. Geochim Cosmochim Acta.1958;14:35-54.
Amjad Z, Zuhl RW. Silica control in industrial water systems with a new polymeric dispersant. The Lubrizol Corporation; 2010.
Saksena DN, Garg RK, Rao RJ. Water quality and pollution status of Chambal River in National Chambal Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh. J Environ. Biolo. 2008; 29:701-10.
Fatoki OS, Muyima NYO, Lujiza N. Situation analysis of water quality in Umtata River catchment. Water SA. 2001; 27:467-74.
Paul G. Environment and pollution, Poribes Dushan (Ed), Dasgupta and Company Ltd, India. 1999;323.