Macrozoobenthos Spatial Distribution as the Indicator of Cikeruh River Pollution in Sumedang Regency, West Java

Main Article Content

Muhamad Lutfi
Isni Nurruhwati
Zahidah Hasan
Heti Herawati

Abstract

Cikeruh River is one of the tributaries of the Citarum River which has received a variety of inputs, which can affect the river water quality and cause pollution. Macrozoobenthos is an organism that can determine the pollution of waters. This research aims to determine the spatial distribution of macrozoobenthos communities in the Cikeruh River as the indicator of pollution. This research was conducted in July 2019 - August 2019 using the field survey method. The data collection technique used is purposive sampling, setting 5 stations based on environmental factors and land use around the river flow. The parameters observed were the physical-chemical parameters of the waters, physical-chemical parameters of the substrate and macrozoobenthos as biological parameters as indicators of pollution, as well as calculating the abundance of macrozoobenthos, diversity index, uniformity index, species deficit and morisita index. The results of the macrozoobenthos spatial distribution along the Cikeruh River flow differed at each location of observation. At station 1 found several intolerant species Heptagenia sp., Tipula sp., Leptophelbia sp., Polycentrophus sp. and Enallagma sp., station 2 found several facultative species Melanoides tuberculata, Lymnaea sp., Tarebia granifera, Sulcospira testudinaria, and Corbicula fluminea,, station 3 found several facultative species Melanoides tuberculata, Lymnaea sp., Tarebia granifera, Sulcospira testudinaria, Pomacea canalicuta and Corbicula fluminea, station 4 found several facultative species Melanoides tuberculata, Tarebia granifera, Sulcospira testudinaria and Corbicula fluminea, and station 5 found intolerant species Chironomus sp., Tubifex sp., and Lumbriculus sp. The abundance of macrozoobenthos is around 590 ind/m2 - 7420 ind/m2. Diversity index ranges from 0.46-1.85. The uniformity index ranges from 0.16 to 0.64. Species deficits at each station are different. Cikeruh River morisita index ranging from 0.14 to 0.80 which is in the uniform category.

Keywords:
Cikeruh, distribution, macrozoobenthos.

Article Details

How to Cite
Lutfi, M., Nurruhwati, I., Hasan, Z., & Herawati, H. (2020). Macrozoobenthos Spatial Distribution as the Indicator of Cikeruh River Pollution in Sumedang Regency, West Java. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 6(2), 18-26. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2020/v6i230093
Section
Original Research Article

References

Maryono A. Eco-Hydraulic river development. Yogyakarta: Masters in Engineering Systems UGM Postgraduate Program; 2005.

Unualual CB. Study of River Water Quality as a Source of Raw Water for PDAMs (Citarum River and Cikapundung River). Geological Bulletin of Environmental Management. 2010;20(1):1-12.

Handayani ST, Suharto B, Marsoedi. Determination of the quality status of Upstream River River Waters with Macrozoobentos Biomonitoring: Overview of Organic Material Pollution. Biosciences. 2001;1(1):30-38.

Zahidah. Aquatic Productivity. Unpad Press. Bandung; 2017.

Barus TA. Introduction to Limnology Studies on Mainland Water Ecosystems. USU Press. Field; 2004.

Pradana MSF, Hasan Z, Nurruhwati I, Herawati H. Strankton community structure in Cekdam Padjadjaran University Campus. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science. 2019;10(2):1-8.

Effendi, H. Study of water quality for water resources and environmental management. Kanisius. Yogyakarta; 2003.

Simanjuntak SL, Muskananfola MR, Taufani WT. Analysis of sediment textures and organic materials on the abundance of Macrozoobenthos in Muara Sungai Jajar, Demak. Jorunal of Maquares. 2018;7(4): 423-430.

Ningsih WD, Kusrini MD, Kartono AP. Anura Tadpole Community Structure in the Cibeureum River Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park, West Java. Journal of Conservation Media. 2013;18 (1):10-17.

Sastrawijaya AT. Environmental pollution. RinekaCipta. Jakarta; 1991.

Sanusi HS. Marine chemistry physical process chemistry and its interaction with the environment. Bogor: Department of Marine Science and Technology Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Bogor Agricultural University. Bogor; 2006.

Boyd CE. Water quality in warm water fish ponds. Alabama: Auburn University Press; 1979.

Odum EP. Fundamentals of Ecology. Tjahjono Samingan, Translator; Yogyakarta: 3rd ed. GadjahMada University. Translation from: Fundamental of Ecology. 1993;697.

Fitriana RY. Diversity and abundance of macrozoobenthos in mangrove forest rehabilitation results of Bali Ngurah Rai Grand Forest Park. Journal of Biodiversity. 2005;7(1):67-72.

Putra AW, Zahidah W. Lili. Plankton community structure in the upper Citarum River in West Java. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science. 2012;3(4):313-325.

Nurhikmayani R. Distribution patterns of individuals in population. Laboratory of Environmental and Marine Sciences, Department of Biology. Faculty of Math and Science. Makassar: Hasanuddin University; 2013.