Determination of Some Engineering Properties of Floatable Fish Feed Obtained from Different Companies

Main Article Content

O. O. Koyenikan
Y. M. Adeosun

Abstract

This research work presents useful information about different floatable fish feeds obtained from different companies, which serves as database for people work intensively in fish farming and help them in solving many problems associated with the feeding effectiveness and feed handling. The main objective of this project is to study some physical and mechanical properties of fish feed pellets of different sizes. These properties included; Density, Moisture content, Surface area, Floatability, Sizes, Sinking velocity, Expansion ratio, Repose angle. The actual sizes of the extruded fish feed used ranged from 3 mm to 9 mm, However, Company 1 did not have 9 mm for producing that size of the pellet. The floatability ranged from 79.51 to 98.00%, the density ranged from 0.03 to 0.08 g/cm3, the moisture content ranged from 8.94 to 29.26%, the expansion ratio ranged from 1.02 to 1.54%, the sinking velocity ranged from 0.008 to 0.1 m/s2, the repose angle ranged from 27 to 38° while the colour of the feed ranged from light to dark brown according to Tables 1, 2 and 3 respectively. The results obtained from the experiment were subjected to ANOVA test using SPSS (Special Packages for Social Science) package. The physical and Mechanical properties of the floatable fish feed obtained from these three companies were significantly different from one another.

Keywords:
Floatable fish feed, different companies, physical properties, mechanical properties.

Article Details

How to Cite
Koyenikan, O. O., & Adeosun, Y. M. (2020). Determination of Some Engineering Properties of Floatable Fish Feed Obtained from Different Companies. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 9(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2020/v9i130148
Section
Original Research Article

References

Barrows FT. The effect of vitamin premix in extruded plant-based and fish meal based diets on growth efficiency and health of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture. 2008;283:148-155.

Eyo AA. Chemical composition and amino acid content of commonly available feed stuffs used in fish feeds in Nigeria. Fish Feed Technology, FISON. 2001;14-25.

Bahurmiz OM. Effects of dietary palm oil source on growth, tissue fatty acid composition and nutrient digestibility of red hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis sp., raised from stocking to marketable size. Aquaculture. 2007;262:382-392.

Aarseth KA. Effects of red yeast inclusions in diets for salmon and extrusions temperature on pellet tensile strength: Welbull analysis. J. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 2006;126:75-91.

Falayi KN. The physical quality of aquaculture feed by twin screw extrusion. Feed Processing Project 93/120-06; 2009.

Adekunle HL. Development of farm made floating feed for aquaculture species. Department of Water Resources. Aquaculture and Fisheries Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna. P.M.B 65, Niger. I.J.A.B.R. 2012;2(4):579-583. ISSN: 2250-3579 597.

Solomon SG, Ataguba GA, Abeje A. Water stability and floatation test of fish pellets using local starch sources and yeast (Saccahromyces cerevisae). International Journal Latest Trends Agriculture Food Science. 2011;1(1):1-5.

Sankaranandh K, Kasiviswanathan M, Rosentrater KA. Effect of starch sources and protein content on extruded aquaculture feed containing DDGS. Food Bioprocess Technology; 2009. DOI: 10.1007/s11947-008-0177-4