Promoting Color Brightness of Clown Loach (Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker) by Mixing Red Spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) Powder with Feed Stuff

Main Article Content

Ayi Yustiati
Syakirah Imtinan Zurwana
Achmad Rizal
Yuli Andriani

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to determine the optimal dose of the addition of red spinach powder to artificial feed on the brightness of clown loach. This research was conducted at Aquaculture Laboratory Building 4 Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences of Universitas Padjadjaran from April to May 2020. This research method is experimental with a Completely Randomized Design consisting of four treatments and three replications. The red spinach powder addition treatment used 0%, 2%, 4%, and 6% of the feed amount. The parameters observed are color value as primary data by using Toca Color Finder, while the growth, survival rate, and water quality as support data. Color assessment results were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, if there were significant differences, Z test would be performed. Growth data and survival rates were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Because the F test results were not significantly different, the Duncan test was not carried out. The results showed that the addition of  6% red spinach powder is the best treatment with an increased color brightness value of 5,63.

Keywords:
Amaranthus tricolor L, Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker, clown loach, red spinach powder, color brightness.

Article Details

How to Cite
Yustiati, A., Zurwana, S. I., Rizal, A., & Andriani, Y. (2020). Promoting Color Brightness of Clown Loach (Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker) by Mixing Red Spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) Powder with Feed Stuff. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 9(3), 21-30. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2020/v9i330160
Section
Original Research Article

References

Meyliana, Widjaja HAE. E-Commerce implementation to support ornamental fish breeders in Indonesia. International Conference on Information Technology Systems and Innovation (ICITSI); 2015.

Legendre M, Satyani D, Subandiyah S, Sudarto L, Pouyaud E, Baras J. Slembrouck. Biology and culture of the clown loach Chromobotia macracanthus (Cypriniformes, Cobitidae): 1-hormonal induced breeding, unusual latency response and egg Production in Two Populations from Sumatra and Borneo Islands. Aquat. Living Resour. 2012;25:95-108.

Arulvasu C, Ramya. Meena S, Chandirasekar D, Sivaganam S. Evaluation of Natural sources of carotenoid pigments from Rosa Rubiginosa on Growth, Survival and Coloration of Xiphophorus Helleri Fish Fry. European Journal of Biological Sciences. 2013;5(2):44-49.

Das AP, S. Prasad B. Carotenoids and Pigmentation in Ornamental Fish. Journal of Aquaculture and Marine Biology. 2016;4(4):1-3.

Sujath BJS, Shalin JJ, Palavesam A. Influence of four ornamental flowers on the growth and colouration of orange sword-tail Chiclidae Fish (Xiphophorus helleri, Heckel, 1940). International Journal of Biology Medicine Resource, 2011;2(3): 621–626.

Solichin I, Kiki H, dan Henhen S. The effect of addition of rebon flour to artificial feed on the chroma value of chef goldfish (Carassius auratus). Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science. Universitas Padjadjaran. Journal of Fisheries and Marine. 2012;3(4):185-190.

Wagde MS, Subodh K. Sharma, Bhanu K. Sharma, Amrita P. Shivani, Naresh R. Keer. Effect of Natural β-carotene From Carrot (Daucus carota) and Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) on Colouration of an Ornamental Fish-Swordtail (Xiphophorus helleri). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2018;6(6):699-705.

Opasola OA, Adewoye SO, Fawole OO. Growth performance and survival rate of Clarias gariepinus fed Lactobacillus acidophilus supplemented diets. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS). 2013:3(6):45-50.

Effendie MI. Fisheries biology. Nusatama Library Foundation. Yogyakarta; 1997.

Gupta SK, Jha AK, Pal AK, Venkateshwarlu G. Use of natural carotenoids for pigmentation in fishes. Natural Product Radiance, 2007;6(1):46-49.

Saputra R, Mulyadi M. Phil, Rusliadi. The influence of additional red spinach flour (Amaranthus hypocondriacus) in made feed of color quality to goldfish. Journal. Faculty of Fisheries and Marine. Riau University; 2017.

Jannah RR, Raharjo EI, Rachimi. Effect of addition of marigold flower flour (Tagetas erecta) in feed on the color quality of clown loach (Chromobotia macracanthus) seeds. Journal. Muhammadiyah University Pontianak; 2016.

Goodwin T. The biochemistry of carotenoids. Animals. Science Edition. 1984;II.

Permana A, Alimuddin W. Hadie, Priyadi A. Growth response of clown loach (Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker 1852) juveniles immersed in water containing recombinant growth hormone. Indonesian Aquaculture Journal. 2015;10(2):125-130.

Alma AC, Juan E. Pablo, G. Adrian, Maurilio. The effect of marigold (Tagetas erecta) as natural carotenoid source for the pigmentation of goldfish (Carrasius auratus L.). Research Journal of Fisheries and Hydrobiology, 2013;8(2):31-37.

Besen KP, Melim EWH, da Cunha L, Favaretto ED, Moreira M, Fabregat TEHP. Lutein as a natural carotenoid source: Effect on growth, survival and skin pigmentation of goldfish juveniles (Carassius auratus). Aquaculture Research, 2019;(50):2200-2206.

Satyani D, Meilisza N, Solichah L. Description of juvenile length growth of cultured clown Loach in hapa system with a stocking density of 5 Fish per Liter. Proceedings of the Aquaculture Technology Innovation Forum. 2010;395-402.

Aras KA, Nirmala K, Soelistyowati Sudarto DT. Light spectrum manipulation on growth and color quality of clown loach yuwana (Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker 1852). Indonesian Journal of Iktiology. 2015;16(1):45-55.

Dutta H. Growth in fishes. Department of Zoology. N. C. College Jaipur, 2009:97-112.

Azuri R. The effect of adding pumpkin (Cucurbita sp) flour to the feed with different doses on the brightness of the color of clown loach (Chromobotia macracanthus). Journal. Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science. Riau University; 2018.

Nariswari S, Yustiati A, Rostini I, Suryadi IBB. Effect of stocking density on water quality of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1758) in round container with current and venturi Aeration System. World Scientfic News. 2020;145:397-408.