Main Article Content
The purpose of this research was to determine the appropriate combination of commercial feed and maggot to produce optimum growth, feed efficiency and food conversion ratio for catfish. This research used experimental method with Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of four treatments and four replications. The study was conducted in the Ciparanje Land Fisheries Area, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Padjadjaran University. The research was carried out between January - July 2019. The treatments are combination of commercial feed and maggots consisting of A (control, 100% commercial feed), B (75% commercial feed + 25% maggot), C (50% commercial feed + 50% maggot) and D (25% commercial feed + 75% maggot). The parameters observed were survival rate, daily growth rate, length ratio, feed efficiency, food conversion ratio and water quality. The combination of commercial feed and maggots affected the daily growth rate, length ratio, feed efficiency and food conversion ratio of catfish. The survival rate of each treatment was 88.75, 92.50%. Treatment C showed the value of highest daily growth rate, length ratio, feed efficiency namely 1.86%, 1.40%, 65.09% respectively and the lowest feed conversion ratio 1.54%.
Central Bureau of Statistics (Badan Pusat statistik/BPS). Aquaculture Production by Province and Types of Cultivation (tons), 2000-2016. Central Jakarta. (In Indonesian language); 2019.
Abidin Z, Junaidi M, Cokrowati M, Yuniarti S. Growth and consumption of catfish feed (Clarias sp.) Given local raw materials. DEPIK Journal of Aquatic Sciences. Coastal and Fisheries. 2015;4(1):33-39.
Bosch G, Zhang S, Dennis GABO, Wouter HH. Protein quality of insects as potential ingredients for dog and cat foods. J Nutr Sci. 3:1-4.
Dortmans, B., S. Diener, B. Verstappen and C. Zurbrugg. 2017. Organic Waste Processing Process with Black Soldier Fly (BSF). Eawag-Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology. Switzerland. 6-21 p.
Effendi MI. Fisheries Biology. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama Yogyakarta. 1997;42.
Effendi MI. Fisheries Biology. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama Yogyakarta. 1997;48.
Satyani D, Meilisza N, Solichah L. Growth Description of Fish Fry Length of Botia (Chromobotia macrachantus) Cultivation on Maintence in The Hapa System with Spread Solids 5 Tails per liter. Forum for Aquaculture Technology Innovation Proceedings. 2010;395- 402.
Zonneveld N. E., Husiman, A., & Bond, J. H. 1991. Principles of Fish Cultivation . Jakarta. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. (In Indonesia language)
Tacon AGJ. The Nutrition and Feeding of Farmed Fish and Shrimp A Training Manual. 1. The Essential Nutriens. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. GCP/RLA/075/ITA. Brazil. 1987;117.
Indonesian Nasional Standard (Standar Nasional Indonesia/SNI. Standard Dumbo Catfish (Clarias sp.). SNI 6484.3; 2014.
Fessehaye Y, Kabir A, Bovenhuis H, Komen H. Prediction of cannibalism in juvenile Oreochromis niloticus based on predator to prey weight ratio and effects of age and stocking density. Aquaculture. 2005;20:9-17.
Karim MY, Arifin dan K Amri. Survival and Growth of Mud Crabs (Scylla serrata Forsskal) kept in captivity in the Lutjanus Sea. Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan. 2002;7(2):130-137.
Murni. Optimization of Giving Maggot Combination with Commercial Feed on the Growth and Synthesis of Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus). Muhamamdiyah University of Makasar; 2013. (In Indonesia language)
Rachmawati D, Buchori P, Hidayat S, Hem MR, Fahmi. Development and Nutritional Content of The Larvae Hermetia illucens (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Startiomyidae) on palm oil cake. J Entomol Indonesia. 7:28- 41. (In Indonesia language); 2010.
Fahmi RF, Hem S, Subamia IW. Maggot Potential for Increasing Growth and Status of Fish Health. (In Indonesian language); 2009.
Awoniyi TAM, Adetuyi FC, Akinyosoye FA. Microbiological investigation of maggot meal, stored for use as livestock feed component. Journal Food Agric and Environment. 2004;2(3-4):104–106.
Ediwarman Hernawati R, Adrianto W, dan Moreau. The Use of Magggot as a Substitution of Trash Fish in Toman Fish Farming (Channa micropeltes CV.). Journal of Aquaculture Research. 2008;3(3):395-400. (In Indonesian language)
Dani NP, Budiharjo A, Listyawati S. Commercial Feed Composition to increase Growth and Tawes Fish Protein (Puntius Javanicus Blkr.). Journal BioSMART. 2005;7(2):82-90. (In Indonesian language)
Handajani, dan W. Widodo. Fish Nutrition. UMM Press. Malang. 2010;271. (In Indonesian language)
Zainuddin. Effect of Calcium and Phosphorus on Growth, Feed Efficiency, Mineral Content and Body Composition of Juvenile Tiger Grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus). Journal of Tropical Marine Science and Technology. 2010;2(2):1-9. (In Indonesia language)
Steffens W. Principles of fish nutrition. John Wiley & Sons. New York; 1989.
Craig S, dan LA Helfrich. Understanding Fish Nutrition Feeds and Feeding. Virgia Tech; 2002.
Kordi KMGH. Guide to snakehead fish business and cultivation. Lily Publisher. Yogyakarta. (In Indonesia language); 2011.
Djarijah AS. Natural Feed. Kanisius. Yogyakarta. 1995;87. (In Indonesian language)
Suwarta. Effectiveness of Core-Plasma Partnership Patterns and Productivity, Plasma and Independent Broiler Breeders and Affecting Factors in Sleman Regency. Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics. 2010;4(1). (In Indonesia language)
Barrows FT, Hardy RW. Nutrition and Feeding. In: Wedemeyer, G (Eds). Fish Hatchery Management. Second Edition. Maryland. American Fisheries Society. Bethesda. 2001;483-559.
Arief M, Fitriani N, Subekti S. The Effect of Diferent Probiotic Giving on Commercial Feed on the Growth and Feed Efficiency of Sangkuriang Catfish (Clarias sp.). Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science. 2014;6(1):49-53. (In Indonesian language)
Priyadi A, Azwar ZI, Subaima IW, dan Hem S. Utilization of Maggot as a Substitute for Fish Meal in Commercial Feed for Balashark Fish Fry (Balanthiocheilus melanopterus Bleeker.). Forum for Aquaculture Technology Innovation Proceedings. Balai Riset Budidaya Ikan Hias. 2010;75–89. (In Indonesia language)
Hermawan A, Iskandar T, Subhan U. Effect of Stocking density on Survival rate and Growth of Dumbo Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in Indramayu Pond. Journal of Fisheries and Marine. 2012;3(3):85-93. (In Indonesian language)