Pattern of Fish Consumption and Fish Distribution: A Study on Sunyani Municipality, Ghana

Main Article Content

Rhoda Foli
Isaac Awuni
Samuel K. K. Amponsah

Abstract

Fish consumption and marketing has become an essential phenomenon due to the increasing appreciation of the health and the economic benefits of fish to households in Ghana. Given this, the study sought to identify the pattern of fish consumption and distribution channels using semi-structured interview guides, administered to fifty (50) consumers and fifty (50) fish traders. Data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Scomber japonicus, Sardinella aurita, Trachurus trachurus and Clarias gariepinus were the most preferred consumed fish. The majority of consumers preferred smoked fish to other fish products based on taste, flavor, shelf life, and wholesomeness in diets. Based on the findings from the binary logistic model, educated respondents as well as respondents below 20 years could be more prone to calcium deficient diseases, particularly in the absence of supplementary sources of calcium in their diets. Fish traders purchased their fish products from Sunyani, Yeji, Techiman, Cape Cost, and Buipe. The study showed that simple and complex marketing and distributing channels for frozen and smoked fish products, respectively. The main challenge encountered by fish traders and consumers was fish spoilage. Fish traders should be schooled on proper fish handling techniques to reduce the rate of fish spoilage. Sensitization programs regarding the consumption of fish products entirely must be promoted among consumers.

Keywords:
Consumption, distribution channels, fish products, Ghana.

Article Details

How to Cite
Foli, R., Awuni, I., & Amponsah, S. K. K. (2020). Pattern of Fish Consumption and Fish Distribution: A Study on Sunyani Municipality, Ghana. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 10(1), 28-39. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2020/v10i130173
Section
Original Research Article

References

Craig S, Helfrich LA, Kuhn D, Schwarz MH. Understanding fish nutrition, feeds, and feeding; 2017.

Lall SP. Nutrition and health of fish. Avances en Nutrición Acuícola V. Memorias del V Simposium Internacional de Nutrición Acuícola. 2000;19-22.

Balami S, Sharma A, Karn R. Significance of nutritional value of fish for human health. Malaysian Journal of Halal Research Journal. 2019;2(2):32-34.

Lordan S, Ross RP, Stanton C. Marine bioactives as functional food ingredients: Potential to reduce the incidence of chronic diseases. Marine Drugs. 2011;9(6):1056-1100.

Anokyewaa MA, Asiedu B. Economic analysis of small-scale aquaculture enterprise in Ghana; a case study of Sunyani Municipality. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research. 2019;1-12.

Issifu KWAME. Nutritional composition, bacterial load and organoleptic quality of farm-raised catfish (Clarias Gariepinus, Burchell, 1822) from the Dormaa Municipality, Ghana. MPhil Dissertation, University of Ghana; 2018.

Turan H, Kaya Y, Sonmez G. Position in human health and food value of fish meat. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2006;23:505-508.

Skerrett PJ, Willett WC. Essentials of healthy eating: A guide. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health. 2010;55(6): 492-501.

Aremu AO, Plačková L, Bairu MW, Novák O, Plíhalová L, Doležal K, Van Staden J. How does exogenously applied cytokinin type affect growth and endogenous cytokinins in micropropagated Merwilla plumbea?. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC). 2014;118(2):245-256.

Ghaly AE, Dave D, Budge S, Brooks MS. Fish spoilage mechanism and preservation techniques: Review. American Journal of Applied Sciences. 2010;7(7):859- 877.

Mor-Mur M, Yuste J. Emerging bacterial pathogens in meat and poultry: An overview. Food and Bioprocess Technology. 2010;3:24-35. DOI: 10.1007//s11947-009-0189-8

Bellisari A. Evolutionary origins of obesity. Obesity Reviews. 2008;9(2):165-180.

Prempeh KB. Problems of financing SME’s in Ghana: A case study of the Sunyani Municipality. MPRA Paper No 68086. 2015;34.

Obodai EA, Muhammad BA, Obodai GA, Opoku E. Effect of fuel wood on the quality of smoked freshwater fish species sold in Tamale Central Market, Northern Region, Ghana. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management. 2009;2(2).

Naylor RL, Hardy RW, Bureau DP, Chiu A, Elliott M, Farrell AP, Nichols PD. Feeding aquaculture in an era of finite resources. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2009;106(36):15103-15110.

Can MF, Günlü A, Can YH. Fish consumption preferences and factors influencing it. Food Science and Technology. 2015;35(2):339-346.

Deininger K, Byerlee D. The rise of large farms in land abundant countries: Do they have a future? The World Bank; 2011.

MoFAD (Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture Development). Republic of Ghana Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector Development Plan. 2011;1–33.

Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA). Agriculture in Ghana, Facts and Figures (2009). Accra, Ministry of Food and Agriculture; 2010.

Alhassan EH, Boateng VF, Ndaigo C. Smoked and frozen fish consumption and marketing channels in the Tamale Metropolis of Ghana. Ghana Journal of Development Studies. 2012;9(1):21-28.

Supartini A, Oishi T, Yagi N. Changes in fish consumption desire and its factors: A comparison between the United Kingdom and Singapore. Foods. 2018;7:97. DOI: 10.3390/foods7070097

Matiya G, Wakabayashi Y, Takenouchi N. Factors influencing the prices of fish in central region of Malawi and its implications on the development of aquaculture in Malawi. Journal of Applied Science. 2005;5(8):1424-1429.

Cofie A. Processing environment and the microbial quality of smoked fish in the Accra and Tema Municipalities. MPhil Thesis Department of Environmental Science, University of Ghana; 2003.

Engler RE. The complex interaction between marine debris and toxic chemicals in the ocean. Environmental Science & Technology. 2012;46(22):12302-12315.

Slack N, Chambers S, Johnston R. Operations management. Pearson Education; 2010.

Al Riyami ZKM, Al-Ismaili AA, Al-Hattali SH, Essa MM, Sathishkumar J, Manickavasagan A. Role of cultural and socioeconomic factors in fish consumption among Omani population: A pilot survey. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases. 2016;6:119-124.

Lee M-K, Nam J. The determinants of live fish consumption frequency in South Korea. Food Research International. 2019;120:382-388. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.03.005

Saka F, Bulut M. Determination of fish consumption in Çanakkale. Marine Science and Technology Bulletin. 2020;9(1):7-14.