Carp Fattening and Socio-economic Status of Farmers of Dinajpur District, Bangladesh: An Expedient Overview
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research,
A Survey work was designed to explore the present status of carp fattening and socio-economic standing of the fish farmers of three upazillas of Dinajpur district such as Dinajpur Sadar, Parbatipur, and Birampur, and was continued until June 2021 from July 2020. Several methodological tools, including participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and primarily a questionnaire survey were used to collect data from 59 fish farmers. The majority of the farmers were between the ages of 41–50, where 45% of them had four to five family members, representing 71.19% nuclear and 28.81% joint families. Large number of the farmers (28.81%) could only sign their names. Approximately 81.35% were Muslims and 18.65% belonged to the Hindus where near about half of the farmers’ (47.46%) annual income were in between BDT 1,00,001-2,0,000. Paka sanitary was utilized by 49.15% respondents. All the farmers drank from tube wells and had access to electricity. The typical pond size was 0.31-40 ha (27.12%), with an average depth of 1.7 m. Farmers owned 59.33% of the ponds, on the other hand, 40.67% were leased ponds and 79.66% had the provision of groundwater for cultivation; however, 50.84% exchanged water whenever required. About 57.63% prepared the ponds and applied 123.5 kg/ha of salt, 12.35-44.5 kg/ha of TSP, and 12.35-75.25 kg/ha of urea. To boost carp growth, 83.08% employed availed growth promoters. Indian major carp and exotic carp were considered for this purpose and have had only fish lice as a constraint throughout the nine to ten months of cultivation period. Commercial feeds were utilized by 40.68% farmers and 81.35% maintained a feeding frequency of two times a day. Majority of them (72.89%) sold live fishes. Lack of scientific knowledge, shortage of high-quality seeds and feeds, lack of funds, and lack of marketing facilities were found to be the main obstructions.
- carp fattening
- Dinajpur District
How to Cite
Ahmed F, Monsur A, Eyasmin S, Mitu MP, Rahman T. Bangladesh Economic Review 2021. Finance Division, Ministry of Finance Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Secretariat, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh; 2021.
DoF. National fish week compendium (in Bengali). Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh; 2012.
DoF. National Fish Week 2019 Compendium (in Bengali).Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh; 2019.
BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning; 2020.
DoF. National Fish Week 2017 Compendium (in Bengali). Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh; 2017.
Ellis F. Rural livelihoods and diversity in developing countries. Oxford University Press; 2000.
Hasan MR, Ahmed GU. Issues in carp hatcheries and nurseries in Bangladesh, with special reference to health management. Food and Agriculture Organization Fisheries Technical Paper. 2002;147-164.
Zafar MA, Mia MF, Parvez I, Kibria ASM, Roy KC. Present status of aquaculture practices in some selected areas of Dinajpur district. Research in Agriculture Livestock and Fisheries. 2020;7(2):341-349.
DoF. National Fish Week 2021 Compendium (in Bengali). Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh; 2021.
Sarma PK, Raha SK, Jorgensen H. An economic analysis of beef cattle fattening in selected areas of Pabna and Sirajgonj districts. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University. 2014;12(1):127- 134.
Ferdoushi Z. Crab fattening in Bangladesh: A socio-economic perspective. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources. 2013;6(1):145-152.
Alam MJ, Kohinoor AHM, Islam MS, Mazid MA. Polyculture of carps using over-wintered fingerlings under different stocking densities. Bangladesh Journal of Fisheries Research. 2002; 6(2):117-124.
Jobling M. Are compensatory growth and catch-up growth two sides of the same coin. Aquaculture International. 2010;18(4):501-510.
Grover JH, Islam MA, Shah WA, Rana MAH, Chowdhury HA. Training manual for extension personnel on low cost environment friendly sustainable aquaculture practices. ICLARM, Dhaka, Bangladesh; 2000.
Talukder MGS, Hossain MA, Mohsin ABM, Khan RI. Performances of bottom dwelling carps in polyculture ponds under drought prone barind area of Bangladesh. Journal of Aquaculture and Marine Biology. 2018;7(1):00178.
Rana MS. An economic analysis of pond fish culture in some selected areas of Sirajgonj district. MS Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh; 1996.
Rahman MM. Socio-economic aspects of carp culture development in Gazipur, Bangladesh. MS Thesis, Department of Fisheries Management, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh; 2003.
Ali MH, Hossain MD, Hasan ANGM, Bashar MA. Assessment of the livelihood status of the fish farmers in some selected areas of Bagmara upazilla under Rajshahi district. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University. 2008;6(2):367- 374.
Alam MS, Flowra FA, Salam MA, Kabir AKMA, Ali H. Fishing gears, fish marketing and livelihood status of the poor fisherman around the Basantpur beel at Lalpur Upazila. J. Agrofor. Environ. 2009;3(1):173-177.
Asif A, Habib MAB. Socio-economic condition of fish farmers of Jhikargachha upazila in Jessore district, Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. 2017;3(4):462-475.
Podder M. Socio-economic aspects of rice-fish culture development in some selected areas of Mymensingh district. MS Thesis. Department of Fisheries Management, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. 2005;50.
Saha NC, Islam MS, Saha JK, Modak PC. Economics of pond fish production in some selected areas of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Aquaculture. 1995;17:13- 18.
Pravakar P, Sarker BS, Rahman M, Hossain MB. Present status of fish farming and livelihood of fish farmers in Shahrasti upazila of Chandpur district, Bangladesh. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science. 2013;13(3): 391-97.
Jahan H, Parvez I, Kibria ASM. Current aquaculture practices in Dinajpur District: Special emphasis on fish feeds. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research. 2018;3(1):35-42.
Ahmed J. Attitude of farmers towards the effect of pond ownership on fish production. M. S. Thesis. Department of Agricultural Extension, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh; 2010.
Ali MM, Hossain MB, Rahman M, Rahman S. Post-stocking management practices by the pond fish farmers in Barisal district, Bangladesh. Global Veterinaria. 2014; 13(2): 196-201.
Hossain ME, Khan MA, Saha SM, Dey MM. Economic assessment of freshwater carp polyculture in Bangladesh: Profit sensitivity, economies of scale and liquidity. Aquaculture. 2022;548: 737552.
Bhanu Prakash CH, Khairnar SO, Mandal A, Kumar A, Kumar B. Composite fish farming: A review on economic enterprise for rural empowerment and livelihood generation. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2018;6(4):545-550.
Azad MAK, Rahman MR, Rahman Z, Kader MA, Haque MM, Alam MJ. Polyculture of carp, tilapia and pangas using low cost inputs. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2004;7(11):1918-1926.
Mohsin ABM, Islam MN, Hossain MA, Galib SM.. Constraints and prospects of carp production in Rajshahi and Natore districts, Bangladesh. University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University. 2012;31:69- 72.
Habib MAB, Rashiduzzaman M, Molla AR, Hasan MR, Begum A. A survey on socio-economic and technical aspects of pond fish culture in Bangladesh. In Socio-economics of Aquaculture, Proceedings of International Symposium. 1994;93:265-274.
Saha MK. A study on fish production technology in North-west Bangladesh. MS Thesis, Department of Aquaculture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh; 2003.
Islam FK, Asif AA, Ahmed M, Islam MS, Sarker B, Zafar MA, Rahman M. Performances of resource poor households in aquaculture practices in sadar upazila, Meherpur, Bangladesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2017;5(6):281-288.
Rahman MH, Zafar MA, Hossain MA, Kibria ASM. Present status of integrated aquaculture in some selected areas of Nilphamari district in Bangladesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2018;6(2):290-295.
Abstract View: 146 times
PDF Download: 22 times