The Contribution of Aquaculture Sector in Regional Development of West Bandung District, West Java Province
Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research,
The aquaculture sector is included in the economic sector that has a role in local economic development. However, it has received less attention from the government and the business world. This study aims to analyze the base and non-base sectors of aquaculture, the contribution of the aquaculture sector and the market power of aquaculture commodities in the development of the West Bandung District area. The methods used in this study were qualitative and quantitative by using purposive sampling method. The data was used as secondary data cross-section and time-series 2018-2020. While the primary data with a total of 31 respondents for the head of the field of aquaculture and cultivators in West Bandung District using interview and questionnaire techniques. The analysis used is Location Quotient, Dynamic Location Quotient, Shift Share, Trade Area Capture and Pull Factor. The results of the analysis of Location Quotient value is 1.81 and Dynamic Location Quotient value is 1.01. This means that the aquaculture sector in West Bandung District is included in the base sector and will remain the base sector in the future. The Shift Share analysis shows that the contribution of the fisheries sector to GRDP has changed; in 2018-2019, it was 511.34, and in 2019-2020 it was -832.24 which resulted in a decrease in production. The results of the analysis of Trade Area Capture and Pull Factor show an average TAC value of 80.717,041> 49.312,14, which means they can capture trade opportunities from other regions. The average PF value is 1.64, which means that aquaculture products produced by West Bandung District can attract customers from the other areas. The development of the West Bandung District area can be optimized by setting the aquaculture sector as a regional development priority that can provide protein food, jobs and foreign exchange.
- Aquaculture sector
- regional development
- west bandung district
- location quotient
- dynamic location quotient
- shift share
- trade area capture and pull factor
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