Application of Good Manufacturing Practices and Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures on Jambal Roti Salted Fish Processing at MSME Mamah Jambal Pangandaran

Faisal R. Munief *

Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia.

Rusky I. Pratama

Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia.

Atikah Nurhayati

Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia.

. Junianto

Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, West Java, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This research aims to evaluate the application of the GMP and SSOP systems and determine the quality of the jambal roti salted fish produced at Mamah Jambal MSMEs, Pangandaran. The research was conducted from September 2021 to January 2022 using the case study method. The research procedure included observation of processing stages, prerequisite program deviation analysis, and microbiological, chemical, and metal contamination testing. The data obtained was compared and analyzed descriptively, referring to Regulation of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia No. 17 of 2019 and SNI 8376:2017. The analysis showed that there were 12 minor deviations, 9 major deviations, and 3 serious deviations in the process of processing jambal roti at Mamah Jambal. Based on the number of deviations applying GMP and SSOP, Mamah Jambal has a C predicate. Quality analysis of jambal roti showed that the samples met microbiological and metal contamination standards in SNI 8376:2017. The test did not find any content of Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli in the sample. The metal contamination test results revealed the content of cadmium (Cd) to be approximately 0.0037 mg/kg, mercury (Hg) 0.2993 mg/kg, and absence of lead (Pb) content. The results of chemical parameter testing showed a difference in the amount of chemical content in jambal roti salted fish with a predetermined standard, with the water content determined as 55.58%, the salt content determined as 10.6%, and acid insoluble ash content determined as 0.09%.This research aims to evaluate the application of the GMP and SSOP systems and determine the quality of the jambal roti salted fish produced at Mamah Jambal MSMEs, Pangandaran. The research was conducted from September 2021 to January 2022 using the case study method. The research procedure included observation of processing stages, prerequisite program deviation analysis, and microbiological, chemical, and metal contamination testing. The data obtained was compared and analyzed descriptively, referring to Regulation of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia No. 17 of 2019 and SNI 8376:2017. The analysis showed that there were 12 minor deviations, 9 major deviations, and 3 serious deviations in the process of processing jambal roti at Mamah Jambal. Based on the number of deviations applying GMP and SSOP, Mamah Jambal has a C predicate. Quality analysis of jambal roti showed that the samples met microbiological and metal contamination standards in SNI 8376:2017. The test did not find any content of Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli in the sample. The metal contamination test results revealed the content of cadmium (Cd) to be approximately 0.0037 mg/kg, mercury (Hg) 0.2993 mg/kg, and absence of lead (Pb) content. The results of chemical parameter testing showed a difference in the amount of chemical content in jambal roti salted fish with a predetermined standard, with the water content determined as 55.58%, the salt content determined as 10.6%, and acid insoluble ash content determined as 0.09%.This research aims to evaluate the application of the GMP and SSOP systems and determine the quality of the jambal roti salted fish produced at Mamah Jambal MSMEs, Pangandaran. The research was conducted from September 2021 to January 2022 using the case study method. The research procedure included observation of processing stages, prerequisite program deviation analysis, and microbiological, chemical, and metal contamination testing. The data obtained was compared and analyzed descriptively, referring to Regulation of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia No. 17 of 2019 and SNI 8376:2017. The analysis showed that there were 12 minor deviations, 9 major deviations, and 3 serious deviations in the process of processing jambal roti at Mamah Jambal. Based on the number of deviations applying GMP and SSOP, Mamah Jambal has a C predicate. Quality analysis of jambal roti showed that the samples met microbiological and metal contamination standards in SNI 8376:2017. The test did not find any content of Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli in the sample. The metal contamination test results revealed the content of cadmium (Cd) to be approximately 0.0037 mg/kg, mercury (Hg) 0.2993 mg/kg, and absence of lead (Pb) content. The results of chemical parameter testing showed a difference in the amount of chemical content in jambal roti salted fish with a predetermined standard, with the water content determined as 55.58%, the salt content determined as 10.6%, and acid insoluble ash content determined as 0.09%.This research aims to evaluate the application of the GMP and SSOP systems and determine the quality of the jambal roti salted fish produced at Mamah Jambal MSMEs, Pangandaran. The research was conducted from September 2021 to January 2022 using the case study method. The research procedure included observation of processing stages, prerequisite program deviation analysis, and microbiological, chemical, and metal contamination testing. The data obtained was compared and analyzed descriptively, referring to Regulation of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia No. 17 of 2019 and SNI 8376:2017. The analysis showed that there were 12 minor deviations, 9 major deviations, and 3 serious deviations in the process of processing jambal roti at Mamah Jambal. Based on the number of deviations applying GMP and SSOP, Mamah Jambal has a C predicate. Quality analysis of jambal roti showed that the samples met microbiological and metal contamination standards in SNI 8376:2017. The test did not find any content of Salmonella sp. and Escherichia coli in the sample. The metal contamination test results revealed the content of cadmium (Cd) to be approximately 0.0037 mg/kg, mercury (Hg) 0.2993 mg/kg, and absence of lead (Pb) content. The results of chemical parameter testing showed a difference in the amount of chemical content in jambal roti salted fish with a predetermined standard, with the water content determined as 55.58%, the salt content determined as 10.6%, and acid insoluble ash content determined as 0.09%.

Keywords: Salted fish, jambal roti, UMKM, UPI basic feasibility, good manufacturing practices, sanitation standard operating procedures, food safety


How to Cite

Munief, F. R., Pratama, R. I., Nurhayati, A., & Junianto, . (2022). Application of Good Manufacturing Practices and Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures on Jambal Roti Salted Fish Processing at MSME Mamah Jambal Pangandaran. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 19(4), 32–40. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2022/v19i430483

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