Identification of Marine Zooplankton in the Maheshkhali Channel, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

Ferdousi Anjum Ayshi

Department of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Ashiqur Rahman Mugdha

Department of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Roksana Jahan *

Department of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The purpose of the study was to identify and characterize marine zooplankton in the Maheshkhali Channel, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. A total of 25 species were identified from the samples collected from the surface water during November, 2022. They were categorized into 4 major groups such as copepoda, crustaceans, ichthyoplankton and meroplankton. Copepods were the most dominant. Among the copepods, Oithona sp., Oncaea sp., Calanus sp., Subeucalanus flemingeri, Cyclops sp., Acartia sp., Labidocera sp. and Canthocalanus pauper were ubiquitous, with Oithona brevicornis, Oithona nana, Acartia tonsa, Subeucalanus sp. being moderately frequent. The presence of Centropages sp., Paracalanus aculeatus, Paracalanus sp., Pseudodiaptomas sp. and Acartia (Odonticartia) ohtsukai were rare. Shrimp larvae, crab zoea and ichthyoplankton were moderately found. Mysid shrimps were found to be highly prevalent whereas ctenophora larvae were less frequent. Copepod, naupliar larvae and copepodites were observed to be consistently present throughout the observed area. The identified species possess great significance in the marine food web.  This investigation is the baseline study of marine zooplankton in the Maheshkhali Channel. Further research, therefore, is recommended to identify zooplankton species through microscopic and molecular methods in the coastal waters of Bangladesh.

Keywords: Copepoda, identifying characteristics, habitat, distribution, microscopic species, naupliar larvae, Pseudodiaptomas sp., marine food, biogeochemical


How to Cite

Ayshi, F. A., Mugdha, A. R., & Jahan , R. (2024). Identification of Marine Zooplankton in the Maheshkhali Channel, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 26(3), 12–22. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2024/v26i3742

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Pitois SG, Lynam CP, Jansen T, Halliday N, Edwards M. Bottom-up effects of climate on fish populations: Data from the continuous plankton recorder. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 2012;456:169-186. Available:https://doi.org/10.3354/meps09710

Ruzicka JJ, Brodeur RD, Emmett RL, Steele JH, Zamon JE, Morgan CA, Thomas AC, Wainwright TC. Interannual variability in the northern California current food web structure: changes in energy flow pathways and the role of forage fish, euphausiids, and jellyfish. Prog Oceanogr. 2012;102:19-41. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2012.02.002

Heneghan RF, Everett JD, Blanchard JL, Richardson AJ. Zooplankton are not fish: improving zooplankton realism in size-spectrum models mediates energy transfer in food webs. Front Mar Sci. 2016;3:201. Available:https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2016.00201

Schmidt K, Schlosser C, Atkinson A, Fielding S, Venables HJ, Waluda CM, Achterberg EP. Zooplankton gut passage mobilizes lithogenic iron for ocean productivity. Curr Biol. 2016;26:2667-2673. Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.07.058

Sullivan BK, Costello JH, Keuren DV. Seasonality of the copepods Acartia hudsonica and Acartia tonsa in Narrgansett Bay, RI, USA during a period of climate change. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci. 2017;73(1-2):259-267. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.01.018

Al MA, Akhtar A, Rahman MF, AftabUddin, S, Modeo L. Temporal distribution of zooplankton communities in coastal waters of the northern Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. Reg Stud Mar Sci. 2020;34:100993. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsma.2019.100993

Hooff RC. Copepod biodiversity as an indicator of changes in ocean and climate conditions of the northern California current ecosystem. Limnol Oceanogr. 2006;51(6):2607-2620. Available:https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2006.51.6.2607

McManus GB, Katz LA. Molecular and morphological methods for identifying plankton: What makes a successful marriage? J Plankton Res. 2009;31(10):1119-1129. Available:https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbp061

Hynek R, Kuckova S, Cejnar P, Junková P, Přikryl I, Říhová Ambrožová J. Identification of freshwater zooplankton species using protein profiling and principal component analysis. Limnol Oceanogra-Meth. 2018;16(3):199-204. Available:https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10238

Machida RJ, Kurihara H, Nakajima R, Sakamaki T, Lin YY, Furusawa K. Comparative analysis of zooplankton diversities and compositions estimated from complement DNA and genomic DNA amplicons, metatranscriptomics, and morphological identifications. ICES J Mar Sci. 2021; 78(9):3428-3443. Available:https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsab084

MK AH, Idris MH, Johan I, Nesarul NH, Aysha A, Islam MS. Seasonal distribution of zooplankton composition and abundance in a sub-tropical mangrove and salt marsh estuary. Malays J Sci. 2016;35(2):275-289.

Alam MJ, Kamal AM, Ahmed MK, Khondker M, Fayyaz R. Spatial distribution and diversity of marine zooplankton adjacent to the St. Martin's Island, Bangladesh. J Ecol Eng. 2022;23(10): 154-163. Available:https://doi.org/10.12911/22998993/152435

Khan MSK, Uddin SA, Haque MA. Abundance and composition of zooplankton at sitakunda coast of chittagong, Bangladesh. Res Agric Lives Fish. 2015;2(1):151-160.

Abu Hena MK, Sharifuzzaman H, Aftabuddin MS, Haque MN. Coastal resources utilization and conservation issues in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. STREAM J. 2005;4:7-10.

Rashed-Un-Nabi M, Al-Mamun MA, Ullah MH, Mustafa MG. Temporal and spatial distribution of fish and shrimp assemblage in the Bakkhali river estuary of Bangladesh in relation to some water quality parameters. Mar Biol Res. 2011;7(5):436-452. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2010.527988

Kamal SA. Chad MNA, Hossain J, Ferdous A, Jahan R. Availability of marine fishes in cox’s bazar, Bangladesh: A case study on the BFDC landing center. Croat J Fish. 2022;80:133-140. Available:https://doi.org/10.2478/cjf-2022-0014

Haque MM, Hossain MA, Khan S. Harmful algal blooms associated with mass mortality of fishes in the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of Harmful Alage, Florida, USA; 2002.

Jewel MAS, Khan S, Haque MM. Seasonal dynamics in the occurrence and abundance of Pseudo-nitzschia species in the Maheshkhali channel of the bay of bengal, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J Fish Res. 2005;9(2):169-174.

Khan S, Jahan R, Ahmed MU, Rahman MA, Haque MM, Alom MZ. Dynamics of a heterotrophic dinoflagellate, Protoperidinium divergens, in the south-eastern coastal waters of the Bay of Bengal. Annu Res Rev Biol. 2019;33(6):1-9. Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/arrb/2019/v33i630140

Khan S, Jahan R, Rahman MA, Haque MM. Eutrophication enhances phytoplankton abundance in the Maheshkhali Channel, Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. Aust J Sci Tech. 2019;3(3):141-147.

Yamaguchi E, Bell C. Zooplankton identification guide. The University of Georgia Marine Education Center and Aquarium; 2007.

Al-Yamani FY, Skryabin V, Gubanova A, Khvorov S, Prusova I. Marine zooplankton practical guide. Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research Kuwait; 2011.

Figueroa NJ, Figueroa DF, Hicks D. Phylogeography of Acartia tonsa Dana, 1849 (Calanoida: Copepoda) and phylogenetic reconstruction of the genus Acartia Dana, 1846. Mar Biodivers. 2020;50:1-20. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-020-01043-1

Al MA, Akhtar A, Kamal AHM, Islam MS, Uddin MM, Alam MD, Xu H. Seasonal pattern of zooplankton communities and their environmental response in subtropical maritime channels systems in the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. Acta Ecol Sin. 2018;38:316-324. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chnaes.2017.11.001

Iqbal MM, Islam MS, Haider MN. Heterogeneity of zooplankton of the rezukhal estuary, cox's bazar, Bangladesh with seasonal environmental effects. Int J Fish Aquat Stud. 2014;2(2):275-282.

Sharif ASM, Islam MS, Bhuyan MS. Spatio-temporal occurrence and distribution of copepod in the Karnaphuli river estuary, Bangladesh J Biodiver Environ Sci. 2017;10(1):271-282.

Mozumder PK, Naser MN, Alam M, Huq A. Abundance and seasonal diversity of zooplankton in coastal aquatic environments of Mathbaria, Bangladesh. Dhaka Univ J Biol Sci. 2011;20(2): 163-171. Available:https://doi.org/10.3329/dujbs.v20i2.8977

Sadia N, Ahmed MK, Khondkar MM, Rani S, Alam MJ, Al Karim A, Khan MI. Horizontal and vertical distribution and abundance of zooplankton around the swatch-of-no-ground of northern Bay of Bengal. Dhaka Univ J Ear Environ Sci. 2021;10(2):1-8. Available:https://doi.org/10.3329/dujees.v10i2.57510

Boxshall G, Boero F, Olenin S. Establishment of Oithona brevicornis Giesbrecht, 1892 (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) in the Black Sea. Aquat Invasions. 2007;2(4):407-410. DOI: 10.3391/ai.2007.2.4.10

Nishida S. Taxonomy and distribution of the family oithonidae (Copepoda, Cyclopoida) in the pacific and Indian Oceans. Bulletin of the Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo. 1985;20:1-167.

Sun R, Wang Y, Wang C, Xiang P, Chen X, Xing B. Research advance in the taxonomy and ecology of Oncaeidae Giesbrecht, 1893. Front. Mar Sci. 2022; 9:919877. Available:https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2022.919877

Khelifi-Touhami M, Ounissi M. Paracalanus Boeck, 1864. ICES Identification leaflets for plankton No. 199; 2023. Available:https://doi.org/10.17895/ices.pub.21724394

Rebello V, Narvekar J, Gadi P, Verenkar A, Gauns M, Kumar P. First record of the calanoid copepod Pseudodiaptomus serricaudatus (Scott, T. 1894), (Copepoda: Calanoida: Pseudodiaptomidae) in the equatorial Indian Ocean. Asian Fish Sci. 2014;27(2):149-159. Available:https://doi.org/10.33997.j.afs.2014.27.2.006

Goetze E, Ohman MD. Integrated molecular and morphological biogeography of the calanoid copepod family Eucalanidae. Deep-Sea Res II: Top Stud Oceanogr. 2010;57(24-26):2110-2129. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.09.014

Prusova IY, Al-Yamani F, Al-Mutairi H. Subeucalanus flemingeri sp. n. from the Arabian Gulf (Copepoda: Eucalanidae). Zoosyst Ross. 2001;10(1):47-54.