Suitability and Carrying Capacity of Aquatic Environment for Shrimp Culture in Sarjo District, Pasangkayu Regency West Sulawesi

Andi Tamsil *

Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Jl. Urip Sumoharjo Km 05 Makassar 90231, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Hasnidar

Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Jl. Urip Sumoharjo Km 05 Makassar 90231, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Harlina

Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Jl. Urip Sumoharjo Km 05 Makassar 90231, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Asbar

Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Jl. Urip Sumoharjo Km 05 Makassar 90231, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Ihsan. Ihsan

Department of Fisheries Resource Management, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Jl. Urip Sumoharjo Km 05 Makassar 90231, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The potential of coastal and marine resources in Indonesia is so diverse both in terms of quantity and quality, should be able to contribute greatly to the economic growth of the State of Indonesia. The purpose of this stydy is to assess the level of land suitability and carrying capacity of the pond environment for shrimp culture in Sarjo District Pasangkayu Regency. The research was conducted using survey method, measuring biological, physical and chemical parameters. The observed data consisted of temperature, turbidity, TSS, current direction and speed, tides, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, phosphate, BOD, COD, BOT, and plankton. Based on biological, physical and chemical data, an analysis of the suitability of the pond area was carried out using the geographic information system (GIS) Arc View GIS Application Version 3.3. The results of the level of suitability of land for shrimp culture in Sarjo District was very suitable 154.88 hectare; 2) Suitable 77.16 hectare and quite suitable 27.26 hectare. Overall land for aquaculture in each area is traditional 732.95 hectare, semi-intensive 1,589.12 hectare and intensive 247.83 hectare. The environmental carrying capacity of intensive shrimp cultivation ponds with an estimated maximum production of 42.63 tons ha-1, with a permitted pond area that does not exceed the environmental carrying capacity is 166.07 ha; semi-intensive cultivation with a maximum production of 153.49 tons ha-1 MT-1, the permitted pond area so as not to exceed the environmental carrying capacity is 597.85 hectare, traditional cultivation with a maximum production of 3.4 tons MT-1 with a supported pond area of 2,569 ha in Sarjo District, Pasangkayu Regency.

Keywords: Suitability, land carrying capacity, aquatic environment, shrimp culture, brackish aquaculture


How to Cite

Tamsil , A., Hasnidar, Harlina, Asbar, & Ihsan. Ihsan. (2024). Suitability and Carrying Capacity of Aquatic Environment for Shrimp Culture in Sarjo District, Pasangkayu Regency West Sulawesi. Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, 26(3), 48–61. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajfar/2024/v26i3746

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