Open Access Original Research Article

Amino Acids Content Comparison with Different Processing Methods (Cook, Raw and Fermented) and Inclusion Levels of Delonix regia in Formulated Fish Diets

Bosede Oyegbile, Okeke Rufina Obioma, Yunusa Abubakar, Idris Abdullahi, Stanley David Oziegbe

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2019/v4i430059

This study investigated the effects of different processing methods of Delonix regia seeds on amino acids composition of experimental diets. Ten isonitrogenous diets (40% crude protein) were formulated with cooked, raw and fermented Delonix regia seeds at 0% (Control), 10%, 20% and 30% inclusion levels respectively. Data were analysed using Analysis of Variance, significant differences in means were separated using Duncan Multiple Range Test. All the essential amino acids (lysine, arginine, threonine, valine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine and phenylalanine) differs significantly among the treatments except histidine which was statistically similar (P > 0.05) across the dietary treatments. The activity of essential and non- essential amino acid concentration was higher in cooked than the fermented and raw Delonix regia seeds. It was concluded that cooked Delonix regia seeds at 10% inclusion levels had the highest activities of essential and non-essential amino acids and could be used to supplement conventional feedstuff for livestock especially in fish nutrition and bioenergetics.

Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Study of the Flesh Quality of Clarias gariepinus in Farm-raised and Wild Populations

Popoola Omoniyi Michael, Fasakin Emmanuel Adedayo

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2019/v4i430060

Aim. Nutrients analysis of wild and farmed raised African catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell, 1822) were studied. The comparative work was carried out to find out if habitat could affect the nutrient composition of the fish.

Study design: Five live C. gariepinus were obtained for three wild location and three fish farm each (n=30). One-way analysis of variance was use to examine the nutrients composition across the study locations.

Methodology: Five individual fishes were randomly selected from the forty individuals in a population obtained from six locations. They were sacrificed and cut into three (tail, middle and trunk) chunks. These were oven dried at a constant temperature of 105ºC using oven model LCON53CF. The samples were later blend using electric blender and kept in airtight nylon for further analysis. Standard methods were employed in the analysis of body nutrients.

Results: A significant difference was observed in proximate composition of C. gariepinus on dry matter bases. The moisture and lipids content were lower in wild C. gariepinus (5.16±0.07;15.27+0.08%) than farm raised (5.25±0.10%;18.54+0.08%). The average protein and ash contents in farm-raised C. gariepinus were significantly (p<0.05) lower (66.23+0.08%; 5.00+0.07%) than wild C. gariepinus (67.24+0.09%;9.06+0.07%). Organoleptic study revealed differences in taste between wild and farm raised C. gariepinus (p<0.05). The amino acids profile showed little disparity in quantity in wild and farm raised C. gariepinus. No significant difference (p>0.05) was noticed in the mean values of amino acids in wild (4.21) and farmed raised (4.16) C. gariepinus. The percentage of saturated fatty acids was higher (56.24%) in farmed raised C. gariepinus than the wild stocks (44.53%) unlike the unsaturated fatty acids that was higher in wild (79.46%) than the farmed raised (54.03%).

Conclusion: The study revealed that wild fish possess some nutritional advantages over the culture C. gariepinus.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Efficiency Handline Fishing Gear in Gorontalo Regency, Indonesia

Abdul Hafidz Olii, Lis M. Yapanto, Sistian Aninditia Akili

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2019/v4i430061

The aim of this study was to know the technical efficiency handline fishing gear and allocative efficiency (price) handline fishing gear as well as economic efficiency handline fishing gear in the village Kayubulan Batudaa District of Gorontalo Province.,This study uses quantitative descriptive analysis of the data by using DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) to measure the technical efficiency and CBA (Cost Benefit Analysis) to measure allocative efficiency (price) and the analysis of economic efficiency is the result of technical efficiency and allocative efficiency (price). Analyzing technical efficiency using software DEAP version 2.1. The results showed that the technical efficiency (ET) note that the value of the average value of technical efficiency obtained at0788or <1, meaning that the fishing effort handline fishing is still technically efficient. On average allocative efficiency/price (EH) obtained by3,881or> 1, so the fishing effort by handline fishing gear has been efficient in the allocative. The average economic efficiency obtained for3091 or> 1, so the average fishing effort by handline fishing gear is already economically inefficient.

Open Access Original Research Article

Coral Reef Zone Analysis in Development of Segmentation Ecotourism in Karimunjawa National Park

Aramita Livia Ardis, Mega Laksmini Syamsudin, Herman Hamdani, Lantun Paradhita Dewanti

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2019/v4i430062

Karimunjawa is one of the main destinations that present underwater beauty that is quite popular. But due to increased tourism activities provide economic benefits but also have a negative impact on coral reef ecosystems so that prudent and sustainable management is needed, these characteristics are felt capable of being helped by remote sensing technology. The purpose of this research is to analyze the coral reef zoning for the development of ecotourism segmentation and the carrying capacity of coral reef ecosystems and to map the condition of coral reef ecosystems in the Karimunjawa National Park area through remote sensing technology. The method used in data collection uses a survey method which is divided into 2 types in-situ conducted on 19th April 2019 to 2nd May 2019 and ex-situ taken for 4 years for coral cover and 1 year for sea surface temperature. By using quantitative descriptive analysis, land suitability results are obtained based on the land suitability index approach and the percentage of coral cover in determining the mapping of ecotourism segmentation areas. The results of this research show that through in-situ approach, data collection in three stations on Sintok and Menjangan Kecil Islands has good coral cover while Cemara Besar is damaged. The appropriate Tourism Conformity Index value is on Menjangan Kecil Island while the other two stations are not so that the carrying capacity calculation is only done on the appropriate and very appropriate island. Inversely proportional through the analysis of the Scenic Beauty Estimation value, Cemara Besar Island which shows a high value while on the Menjangan Kecil Island the lowest. Spatial analysis shows that the fluctuation in sea surface temperature during one year is not too significant and is still limited to the optimum temperature range for coral growth so that it does not affect the conditions causing damage to coral reefs, called bleaching. Looking at the distribution of coral reefs via satellite, over the past 4 years shows an increase in dead coral cover leaving 6,752,802 m2 in 2019.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Addition of Banana Peel Extract on Commercial Feed as an Effort to Reduce Patin Cannibalism (Pangasius hypophthalmus) Larval Stage

Kiki Haetami, Irfan Zidni, Rita Rostika, Wisnu Ginanjar

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2019/v4i430063

This research aims to determine the best concentration of banana peel extract used in commercial feed on the survival of patin fish larvae. The research was conducted on April 2, 2019 until June 1, 2019 which took place at the Aquaculture Laboratory of the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Padjadjaran University. The making of banana peel extract was carried out at the Central Labforatory, Padjadjaran University. The research method was carried out experimentally with Completely Randomized Design (CRD). This research uses five treatments that are repeated three times. The treatment in this research consisted of the addition of banana peel extract on commercial feed at a dose of 0%, 0.50%, 0.75%, 1.00 and 1.25% per kilogram of feed. The parameters observed in this research were survival, absolute length growth, daily growth rate, and water quality. The analysis used is the f test and descriptive analysis. Parameters tested using the f test include survival, absolute length growth, and daily growth rate. While water quality was tested descriptively. Survival rates, absolute length growth, and growth rates ranged from 75.33% to 86.96%, 1.29 - 1.32 cm and 2.95% -3.00% respectively. The observation of water quality include temperature, pH and DO respectively waters ranged from 28.00 to 30.20 °C, 7.22 to 8.18 and 5.40 to 6.70 mg /L. Based on research results concluded that the concentration of banana peel extract 0% - 1% produced a survival rate of 81.70% - 86.96% and was better than the addition of banana peel extract with a concentration of 1.25% which resulted in a survival rate of 75.53%. The suggestion from this study is to improve the survival of patin fish larvae can be added banana peel extract with a concentration of 0.75% or equivalent to 7.5 g / Kg of feed.