Open Access Policy Article

Ghana’s Fisheries Policies; Evolution and Performance

Bortey Nketia Alabi–Doku, Sun Chen, Akwasi Ampofo-Yeboah, Berchie Asiedu

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 11-22
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v7i130107

In 2018, Ghana’s fisheries contributed 1.1% to Gross Domestic Product and provided livelihood support to 2.4 million people. It is crucial for Ghana to build a compelling policy model and to safeguard its precious marine resources. For such an objective to be achieved researchers, the state and other stakeholders must particularly reflect on fisheries policies and outcome. Considering how weak and unstable institutions are in Ghana, this article seeks to analyse this acts and policies enacted by various governments in Ghana, concerning its transformation and execution. This research as well analysis the influence of these policies on the accessibility of marine resources in Ghana and transformed habit and livelihood of fishermen. We gathered even though certain policy guidelines were successful, the entire policy arrangement continues to be a pressing need of improvement because, the fisheries sector was undergoing a decreasing trend as a result illegal and over fishing. We further, discovered that motorization of canoes impacted positively to volume of fish captured and expansion of fishing areas. Nevertheless, the indication of decreasing in volumes of landings observed through the 1980s, alerted the government to consider the importance of exact procedures and regulations in other the safeguard and restore the marine ecosystem and it resources. We proffered a style of policy blueprint founded on stakeholder theory that act on challenges of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Where all stakeholders in the sector must take part in the process of decision making.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Factors Affecting Fish Consumption Export (Case Study: FQS FPQSC Cirebon)

Fitria Nurul Hasanah, Achmad Rizal, Dedi Supriadi, Asep Agus Handaka Suryana

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v7i130106

The aim of this study is to analyze the factors that have a significant effect on the export volume of fish consumption (Case study: FQS FPQSC Cirebon). The method used in this FPQSC Cirebon. This research was the case study method. This study was conducted in September 2019 until March 2020 which took place in FQS FPQSC Cirebon, PT. Timur Jaya Cemerlang and PD. Sambu. The research method used is quantitative descriptive method by sampling techniques, namely census sampling and purposive sampling methods. The type of data used is secondary data and primary data utilizing by means of multiple linear regression analysis by the classical assumption test and statistical test. The results of this study found that the most significant factors affecting the fish consumption exports in Cirebon was the number of export destination countries with a significant value of 0.024 when seen from the α value of less than 0.05. If there are many export destination countries, the export volume will tend to increase and if export destination countries decline, the export volume will also decrease and It is necessary to add other variables to support research of 0.024 or less than the α requirement of 5% (0.05) countries.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Shark Fisheries Typology in TPI Pangandaran, Pangandaran Regency, Indonesia

Indriyani Rahayu, Zuzy Anna, Achmad Rizal, Iwang Gumilar

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 23-35
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v7i130108

Knowledge of the shark fisheries typology for manager or related stakeholder is a supporting factor for the success of the basic fisheries management program, especially shark fisheries. This study aims to analyze the technical, social and cultural typology of shark fisheries in TPI Pangandaran, Pangandaran Regency. This research was conducted using the case study method and the method of sampling (purposive sampling) and the data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively and quantitatively, the qualitative method is carried out by interpreting data, facts and information that have been collected through an understanding that is built based on empirical experience, quantitative method is done by using a measurement scale, measurement scale based on data obtained from the questionnaire. The benefits of the results of this study are expected to be input for managers and related stakeholders in formulating policies for the development of fisheries activities, especially shark fisheries so that shark fisheries in Indonesia can be sustainable. The results showed that the commercial status of fishermen is the main occupation, including labor fishermen, the average fisherman goes to sea in a day. In general, fishermen are aged between 44-54 years with primary education level with 10-20 years of work experience. Catching sharks is carried out using a 3 GT motorized boat, with trips (years) of 210 times on the 3 GT vessel size and the type of fishing gear used is Gill net. The shark catching areas were obtained from Pangandaran Beach, Pananjung Bay, Nusakambangan Waters and Cilacap waters. There are two types of sharks that are landed in TPI Pangandaran namely Lonjor Sharks (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) and Martil Sharks (Sphyrnalewini). The largest production output in 2019 is 5887 kg. The results of the feasibility analysis of shark fishery business in TPI Pangandaran are with a profit value of Rp. 10.200.000 and the value of the Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) which is 1.2 means that the business is feasible and sustainable.

Open Access Original Research Article

Contribution of Freshwater Aquaculture in Supporting the Economy of Pangandaran Regency

Sri Sundari, Atikah Nurhayati, . Junianto, Asep Agus Handaka

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 36-42
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v7i130109

This research aims to determine the superior fish commodities and the contribution of freshwater aquaculture in the last five years in Pangandaran Regency. This research was in form of case study. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling or the selection of respondents deliberately (not randomly) as a sampling method. The result  of the study were analyzed by Location Quotient (LQ) analysis techniques, value weighting analysis and Shift Share (SS) analysis based on income. The result showed that the superior fish commodity in Pangandaran were Barbonymus gonionotus, Osphronemus goramy and Giant freshwater prawn. The most freshwater culture fisheries contribution in Pangandaran over 5 years period analysis (2014-2018) was in 2014 reaching 0.92% to Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP).

Open Access Original Research Article

The Role of Fishermen’s Wives to Increase the Incomes of Traditional Fishermen Households (A Case Study at Pangandaran Sub District, Pangandaran District, Indonesia)

Santi Ayu Wantini, Atikah Nurhayati, B. S. Ibnu Bangkit, Asep Agus Handaka

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 43-51
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v7i130110

This research aimed to analyze working time of fishermen’s wives, the income of traditional fishermen households and the contribution fishermen’s wives to increase the income of fishermen households. This research was conducted at Pangandaran and Pananjung Villages, Pangandaran Sub-District, Pangandaran District, Indonesia in October 2019 until March 2020. The method used in this research was a case study with the fishermen’s wives as the analysis unit. Primary data were obtained from 35 respondents who were selected using purposive sampling method. The data were analyzed using quantitative and qualitative descriptive methods. The results showed that the type of works fishermen’s wives are salted fish processor, “jambal roti” processor, seller fish and net puller. The average of working hours in economy activities (productive activities) is 6.9 hours or 28.6% per day, working hours in domestic activities is 3.8 hours or 15.7% per day  and working hours in social activities is 2.5 hours or 10.4% per day. The average of total household income IDR 3,867,560,- or US$ 266.73. The contribution of fishermen’s wives to household income is 36% and categorized as “low”.