Open Access Original Research Article

Welfare Level Analysis of Fish Skin Cracker Processors in Sugiharjo Village, Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra

Jefry Yoris Bangun, Achmad Rizal, Junianto ., Iwang Gumilar

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v9i330158

This study analyzes the welfare of fish skin crackers processors who live in Sugiharjo Village in the Deli Serdang district, North Sumatra Province. This study aim to analyze the level of household income and the welfare of the fish skin crackers processors who lives in Sugiharjo Village, Deli Serdang District Sumatra Utara Province. The method used in this research is a survey method with interviewing techniques. Then the types of data collected are primary data and secondary data. Furthermore, the respondent selection technique was carried out using the census method. The interviewed respondents were fish skin cracker processors who live in Sugiharjo Village and already have a family. The data were analyzed using quantitative descriptive method. Based on the research, it can be concluded that the income earned from the wages of fish skin cracker processing workers is IDR 30,000 - IDR 100,000 per day. Based on 10 indicators of household welfare level according to Statistics Indonesia [1], the household welfare of fish skin cracker processors in Sugiharjo Village has a score of 3.10. A total number of workers is 33. This result is retrieved after interviewing 33 respondents.

Open Access Original Research Article

Fish Diversity and Abundance Using Statistical Modelling in Hadejia-Nguru Wetlands (HNWs), Nigeria: An Adaptive Environmental Assessment

Jibrin Gambo, Yusuf Ahmed Yusuf, Ahmed Abubakar, Nafi’u Musa Abba

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 6-20
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v9i330159

Fisheries and aquaculture plays a significant role in the Nigerian economy by providing employment, diversifying livelihoods, providing animal nutrition, and earning returns on foreign exchange. Fish is an important economic factor for many nations, as serves as a staple diet in many countries. As evident, in many developed nations, fishing is a crucial source of livelihood, particularly for low-income families in rural areas, where it offer local jobs in many communities and is a key source of food for millions. Over the past few decades, fish populations have deteriorated dramatically, and species at risk have experienced growing environmental challenges. Dams, overfishing, pollution, erosion, soil loss and other human activities are main threats to fisheries ecology. The presents study aimed to analyze the decline in diversity of the fish, adaptive management of artisanal fishermen in the wetlands of Hadejia-Nguru, Guri local government area of Jigawa State and to explore the correlation of environmental factors for the decline in fish diversity. In this study the data were collected through questionnaire interview (QI), focus group conversation (FGD), and field data collection (FDC), and the test objectives were accomplished via the analysis workflow. Geostatistical software was used to analyze the information obtained from QI, FGD and other sources while other auxiliary data and field data were collected using GPS receiver. The research findings can be considered as a tools for decision-making, policy-making, management plan development, fish conservation strategies plan and ultimately help to achieve the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 1, 2, 8, 14 and 15 of the 2030 agenda.

Open Access Original Research Article

Promoting Color Brightness of Clown Loach (Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker) by Mixing Red Spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) Powder with Feed Stuff

Ayi Yustiati, Syakirah Imtinan Zurwana, Achmad Rizal, Yuli Andriani

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 21-30
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v9i330160

The purpose of this research is to determine the optimal dose of the addition of red spinach powder to artificial feed on the brightness of clown loach. This research was conducted at Aquaculture Laboratory Building 4 Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences of Universitas Padjadjaran from April to May 2020. This research method is experimental with a Completely Randomized Design consisting of four treatments and three replications. The red spinach powder addition treatment used 0%, 2%, 4%, and 6% of the feed amount. The parameters observed are color value as primary data by using Toca Color Finder, while the growth, survival rate, and water quality as support data. Color assessment results were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, if there were significant differences, Z test would be performed. Growth data and survival rates were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Because the F test results were not significantly different, the Duncan test was not carried out. The results showed that the addition of  6% red spinach powder is the best treatment with an increased color brightness value of 5,63.

Open Access Original Research Article

Benefits of a Biofilm System and Low Ammonia Levels to Decrees the Early Mortality Syndrome in Shrimp Larvae (Litopenaeus vannamei) Infected with (Vibrio parahaemolyticus)

Guillermo Galindo Reyes

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 31-40
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v9i330161

The world shrimp aquaculture, has faced several problems, causing severe losses in shrimp hatcheries; between the most critical has been diseases such as early mortality syndrome (EMS) caused by (Vibrio parahaemolyticus). The EMS was initially detected in Asian countries; after, it was disseminated to Mexico and other countries. In Mexico, EMS caused severe economic losses during 2013-2016; and it has not yet been eradicated. Various causes for EMS have been reported; none is entirely accurate, but water quality is essential for successful shrimp aquaculture; therefore, the aim this work was evaluate the ammonia concentration effect on susceptibility to (EMS) on post-larvae (PL-15) shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) infected with (V. parahaemolyticus), using a biofilm system (water with, microalgae, dinoflagellates, protozoa and other planktonic microorganisms). So series of 5 flasks each one were arranged as following: Series S; 900 ml of filtered seawater (FSW) and 10 PL-15 shrimp per flask. Series SB; 840 ml of FSW, 60 ml of biofilm and 10 PL-15 shrimp. Series E; 900 ml of FSW, infected with 2 ml (V. parahaemolyticus) 106 CFU/ ml and 10 PL-15 shrimp. Series EN; fifteen flasks with 900 ml of FSW, 10 PL-15 shrimp, added with NH4Cl (0.535 mg/ml), to get 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 mg/l final ammonia concentration in 5 sub-series of 3 flasks each one. During experiment, ammonia concentration and PL-15 shrimp mortality were evaluated in all flask. Ammonia concentration was higher in series EN than in series E; the same was observed in Series S respect to SB, but at lower values. At end of experiment, mortality in series EN was 90% Vs 60% in E. Similarly, mortality in series S was 10% Vs 0% in SB. This results confirm that the ammonia increases PL shrimp mortality, and biofilm system reduce ammonia and consequently PL-15 shrimp mortality.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Effect of Concentrations of Basil Leaves Extract as Natural Preservatives in Mullet Fillet

. Junianto, Shafa Shofiani, Iis Rostini, Eddy Afrianto

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 41-51
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2020/v9i330162

This research aimed to know the shelf life of mullet fillet with basil leaves extract treatment in different concentrations based on the number of bacteria contained on mullet fillet during low-temperature storage. The method used in this research was experimental with four treatments in double measurements. Mullet fillets were soaked for a half-hour in different concentrations of Basil leaves extract (0%, 1,5%, 3%, and 4,5%) and stored at low temperature (5-10℃). The parameters observed in this research were the number of bacteria, pH measurements, and weight loss. Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that the use of basil leaves extract with a concentration of 3% in mullet fillet during low-temperature storage has the longest shelf life of 11 days with the amount bacteria of 4.55 x cfu/g, pH value of 6.55 and weight loss value of 20,00%.