Open Access Original Research Article

Status of Capture Fisheries and Socio-Economic Analysis in Jatigede Reservoir, Sumedang Regency

Fauzia Indah Shaumi, Achmad Rizal, Eri Bachtiar, Asep Agus Handaka Suryana

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2022/v17i630419

The Jatigede Reservoir is the second largest reservoir in West Java after the Jatiluhur reservoir, which is located in Sumedang Regency, West Java. The purpose of the study was to analyze the socio-economic conditions and the value of the benefits of capture fisheries in Jatigede Reservoir, Sumedang Regency. This research was conducted by used data collection method (observation, questioner, literature study) and method of data analysis (feasibility business analysis). The data used are primary and secondary data. Primary data with judgment sampling 25 respondents. The results of the are income analysis (Total Revenue/TR), Break Even Point (BEP) analysis, Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), and Payback Period. The results of the analysis of the feasibility of catching fish using several fishing tools are the Gill Net Profit Value Rp.72,150,000, Throwing Net (kecrik) Rp.343,450,000 and Bagan Rp.26,750,000. Break Event Point (BEP) production Gill net 2,573 kg, Throw net (kecrik) 1,816 kg, Bagan 1,290 kg in 1 year and Break Event Point (BEP) price for Gill net Rp. 5,437/kg, Throw Net (kecrik) Rp.6.810/kg and Bagan Rp.6.450/kg in 1 year. Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) Gill net 2.75, Throw Net (kecrik) 2.20 and Bagan 2.32, Payback Period (PP) Gill net for 7 months, Throw net (kecrik) for 5 months, while Bagan for 4 months. This fishing activity has a positive value, meaning that the fishing effort in Jatigede Reservoir uses Gillnet, Throwing Net, Bagan and this is profitable and feasible to carry out.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Contribution of Aquaculture Sector in Regional Development of West Bandung District, West Java Province

Amelia Tahtadi Annaja, Achmad Rizal, Evi Liviawaty, Asep Agus Handaka Suryana

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 9-21
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2022/v17i630420

The aquaculture sector is included in the economic sector that has a role in local economic development. However, it has received less attention from the government and the business world. This study aims to analyze the base and non-base sectors of aquaculture, the contribution of the aquaculture sector and the market power of aquaculture commodities in the development of the West Bandung District area. The methods used in this study were qualitative and quantitative by using purposive sampling method. The data was used as secondary data cross-section and time-series 2018-2020. While the primary data with a total of 31 respondents for the head of the field of aquaculture and cultivators in West Bandung District using interview and questionnaire techniques. The analysis used is Location Quotient, Dynamic Location Quotient, Shift Share, Trade Area Capture and Pull Factor. The results of the analysis of Location Quotient value is 1.81 and Dynamic Location Quotient value is 1.01. This means that the aquaculture sector in West Bandung District is included in the base sector and will remain the base sector in the future. The Shift Share analysis shows that the contribution of the fisheries sector to GRDP has changed; in 2018-2019, it was 511.34, and in 2019-2020 it was -832.24 which resulted in a decrease in production. The results of the analysis of Trade Area Capture and Pull Factor show an average TAC value of 80.717,041> 49.312,14, which means they can capture trade opportunities from other regions. The average PF value is 1.64, which means that aquaculture products produced by West Bandung District can attract customers from the other areas. The development of the West Bandung District area can be optimized by setting the aquaculture sector as a regional development priority that can provide protein food, jobs and foreign exchange.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of the Role of Fisheries Sector in Regional Development of Garut Regency of West Java

Ardy Rahadiansyah, Achmad Rizal, Isni Nurruhwati, Asep Agus Handaka Suryana

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 22-32
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2022/v17i630421

This study aims to analyze the contribution of the fisheries sector to the Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP), to analyze the extent to which market demand is related to the fishery sector's products, and to analyze the strength of the base and non-base sectors of the fisheries sector in the region. Development in Garut Regency. The method used in this study is a quantitative descriptive method using secondary time series data, which is then analyzed using descriptive statistics, and a qualitative method using primary data obtained through direct interviews with parties involved in the fisheries sector. This research consists of two types of data: primary and secondary data. The data were analyzed by Shift share analysis, location quotient (LQ) analysis, Localization index (LI) analysis, and specialization index (SI). Calculation of the economic growth rate in the region using LQ, LI, and SI (the LQ average is 1,91 (>1) which means that the Garut Regency fishery sector is an economic base sector that can meet the needs of fishery products in its area and has the potential to carry out export activities the LI average is 0,00 meaning that the fishery sector is dispersed in West Java Province and has not become the focus of excellence in Garut Regency. and the SI average is 0,00 indicates that the fisheries sector is essential but not specialized in the economic sector in Garut Regency. The result of the shift-share analysis suggests that the fisheries sector is a progressive sector but uncompetitive.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Addition of Soybean Oil to Increase the Growth, EPA and HSI in Biofloc Catfish

Dzikri Ahmad Fauzy, Rita Rostika, Fittrie Meyllianawaty Pratiwy, Kiki Haetami

Asian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Research, Page 33-41
DOI: 10.9734/ajfar/2022/v17i630422

This study aimed to determine the level of increasing of omega-3 fatty acids EPA, Hepatosomatic Index (HSI), Specific Growth Rates (SGR), and Average Daily Growth (ADG) with the addition of soybean oil to feed as supplement. This research method uses a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 4 tests. The different concentration of soybean oil in the feed were considered as treatment, A (0%); B (2%); C (4%); and D (6%). The test fish used was catfish (Clarias sp) from Bandung Regency, West Java. Feed as much as 2.5% of the biomass weight is given 2 times a day, namely at 07 a.m and 16 p.m for 30 days in a biofloc tank. The conclusion of this study was that the addition of soybean oil showed the best result is in the addition of 4% soybean oil to the feed. The dose showed that the addition of soybean oil as much as 4% to the feed was able to have the best influence on the increase in Omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid/EPA fatty acids by 25 mg/100g with the highest Hepatosomatic Index (HSI) value of 1.52 ± 0.11, the best Specific Growth rate (SGR) value of 1.1% and Average Daily Growth (ADG) value of 0.27%.